Cite African Feminists: Some Readings

  1. Abbas, Hakima and Ekine, Sokari. 2013. (Eds.): Queer African Reader. Oxford. Pambazuka Press.
  2. Abosede George. 2018. “Saving Nigerian Girls: A Critical Reflection on Girl-Saving Campaigns in the Colonial and Neoliberal Eras.” Meridians 1; 17 (2): 309–324. doi:
  3. Abrahams, Yvette. 2000. “Colonialism, Disjuncture and Dysfunction: Sarah Baartman’s Resistance”. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
  4. Adeleye-Fayemi, Bisi. 2000. “Creating and sustaining feminist space in Africa: Local Global challenges in the 21st Century” paper prepared for the 4th Annual Dame Nita Barrow Lecture Toronto, November 2000.
  5. African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET). 2013. “The Africa We Want: FEMNET Position Paper on Post 2015 Development Agenda”, Nairobi. FEMNET
  6. Agenda (Various issues).
  7. Aidid, Safia, 2015. “Can the Somali Speak #Cadaan Studies”
  8. Alaga, Ecoma, 2011. “Security Sector Reform and the Women’s Peace Activism Nexus in Liberia” in Olonisakin, ‘Funmi and Okech, A. (eds.) Women and Security Governance in Africa. Oxford: Pambazuka Press
  9. Amadiume, Ifi. 1987. Male Daughters Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society. London. Zed Books
  10. Amadiume. I. 2017. “Gender Field Experience, Method and Theory”. Journal of West African History, Volume 3, Number 2, Fall 2017, pp. 131–138
  11. Armisen, Mariam. 2014. “We Exist: Mapping LGBT*Q Organizing in West Africa”.
  12. Bakare-Yusuf, Bibi, 2004. ‘Yorubas Don’t Do gender: A Critical Review of Oyeronke Oyewumi’s The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses’ in CODESRIA, African Gender Scholarship: Concepts, Methodologies and Paradigms. Dakar, CODESRIA
  13. Bennett Jane and Pereira, Charmaine (eds). 2013. Jacketed Women: Qualitative Research Methodologies on Sexualities and Gender in Africa. Cape Town. University of Cape Town Press.
  14. Dosekun, Simidele. 2015. “For Western Girls Only? Post-Feminism as Transnational Culture.” Feminist Media Studies 15 (6): 960–975.
  15. Dosekun, Simidele. 2020. Fashioning Postfeminism: Spectacular Femininity and Transnational Culture. University of Illinois Press. Champaign. IL
  16. Emezi, Akwaeke. 2018. “My friends and family Know I am not a woman”.
  17. Feminist Africa (various issues).
  18. Gbowee, Leymah. 2009. “Effecting Change through Women’s Activism in Liberia”, IDS Bulletin, Volume 40, №2, p50,
  19. Gouws, Amanda & Azille Coetzee (2019) Women’s movements and feminist activism, Agenda, 33:2, 1–8, DOI: 10.1080/10130950.2019.1619263
  20. Gouws, Amanda. 2016. Gender, Politics, and the State in Southern Africa, The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies, 10.1002/9781118663219, (1–6)
  21. Hassim Shireen. 2006. Women’s Organizations and Democracy in South Africa — Contesting Authority, Scottsville: UKZN Press.
  22. Haastrup, Toni & Hylke Dijkstra. 2017. New directions for African security, Contemporary Security Policy, 38:1, 102-108, DOI: 10.1080/13523260.2017.1293392
  23. Hendricks, Cheryl. 2015. “Women, Peace and Security in Africa”. African Security Review. Vol. 24: 364–375
  24. Hendricks, Cheryl. 2011. “Gender and Security in Africa: An Overview. Uppsala. Nordiskafrikainstitutet.
  25. Horn, Jessica. 2013. Gender and Social Movements Overview Report. Brighton, Institute of Development Studies.
  26. Hudson, Heidi. 2005. Doing’ Security As Though Humans Matter: A Feminist Perspective on Gender and the Politics of Human Security. Security Dialogue. Volume: 36 issue: 2: 155-174
  27. Imam, Ayesha. Amina Mama, & Fatou Sow. 1999. Engendering African Social Sciences. Dakar. CODESRIA.
  28. Iqani, Mehita and Dosekun, Simidele, (eds.) 2019. African Luxury: Aesthetics and Politics. Intellect, 125–138. ISBN 9781783209934
  29. John, Elnathan. 2015.” In a Time of Boko Haram”. Chronic.
  30. Judge, Melanie. 2014. “For better or worse? Same-sex marriage and the (re)making of hegemonic masculinities and femininities in South Africa” in Agenda, 67–73.
  31. Kaoma, Kapya. 2009. ‘Globalizing the Culture Wars: US Conservatives, African Churches, & Homophobia’ (Political Research Associates, Somerville, MA.
  32. Lazreg, Marnia. 1994. The Eloquence of Silence: Algerian Women in Question. New York: Routledge.
  33. Lewis, Desiree. 2004. ‘African gender research and post-coloniality: Legacies and challenges in CODESRIA. African Gender Scholarship: Concepts, Methodologies and Paradigms. Dakar: CODESRIA.
  34. Lewis. Desiree. 2008. Discursive Challenges for African Feminisms”. QUEST: An African Journal of Philosophy / Revue Africaine de Philosophie XX: 77–96
  35. Ligaga, Dina. 2016. “Presence, Agency and Popularity: Kenyan “Socialites”, Femininities and Digital Media”, Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies, 2:3–4, 111–123, DOI: 10.1080/23277408.2016.1272184
  36. Ligaga, Dina. 2017. “Thinking around Genre: The Moral Narrative and Femininity in Kenyan Popular Media”, The Cambridge Journal of Postcolonial Literary Inquiry, 4(2), pp 222–236. doi:10.1017/pli.2017.16
  37. Macharia, Keguro. 2015. Archive and method in Queer African Studies, Agenda, 29:1, 140–146, DOI: 10.1080/10130950.2015.1010294
  38. Macharia, Keguro. 2016. 5 Reflections on Trans* & Taxonomy (with Neo Musangi), Critical Arts, 30:4, 495–506,DOI: 10.1080/02560046.2016.1232773
  39. Magadla Siphokazi. 2020. Theorizing African Women and Girls in Combat. In: Yacob-Haliso O., Falola T. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of African Women’s Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
  40. Mama, Amina, 2019. “African Feminist Thought”. Oxford Research Encyclopedias. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190277734.013.504.
  41. Mama, Amina. 2011. “The Challenges of Feminism: Gender, Ethics and Responsible Academic Freedom in African Universities”. JHEA/RESA Vol. 9, Nos. 1 & 2: 1–23
  42. Mama Amina. 2007. “Is it Ethical to Study Africa? Preliminary Thoughts on Scholarship and Freedom”. African Studies Review, 50: 1–26
  43. Mama, Amina. 2001. “Sheroes and Villains: Conceptualizing Colonial and Contemporary Violence Against Women in Africa”. In: M. Jacqui Alexander & Chandra Talpade Mohanty: Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies & Democratic Futures. New York & London: Routledge, pp. 46–62.
  44. Mama, Amina. 2001. ‘Challenging subjects: Gender and power in African contexts.’ In S. Diagne et al. (eds). Identity and Beyond: Rethinking Africanity. Discussion Paper №12. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, pp. 9–18.
  45. Mama, A. 1995. Feminism or Femocracy? State Feminism and Democratisation in Nigeria. Africa Development / Afrique Et Développement, 20(1), 37–58. Retrieved December 2, 2020, from
  46. Mama, Amina. 1996. ‘Women’s Studies and Studies of Women in Africa During the 1990s.”. Working Paper Series 5/96. Dakar. CODESRIA
  47. Matebeni, Zethu & Thabo Msibi. 2015. Vocabularies of the non-normative, Agenda, 29:1, 3–9, DOI: 10.1080/10130950.2015.1025500
  48. Matebeni, Zethu. 2009. Feminizing Lesbians, Degendering Transgender Men: A Model for Building Lesbian Feminist Thinkers and Leaders in Africa?, Souls, 11:3, 347–354, DOI: 10.1080/10999940903088978
  49. Matebeni, Zethu. 2014. Reclaiming Afrikan: Queer Perspectives on Sexual and Gender Identities. Cape Town. Modjaji Books.
  50. Matebeni, Zethu. 2013. “Intimacy, Queerness, Race.” Cultural Studies, Vol. 27, №3, 404417
  51. Mgbako, Chi and Laura Smith. 2011. “Sex Work and Human Rights in Africa” Fordham International Law Journal. Volume 33,Issue 4 (2) 1178–1220
  52. Mbilinyi, M. 1989. “I’d have been a man”: Politics and the labor process in producing personal narratives.’ In Personal Narratives Group (eds). Interpreting Women’s Lives: Feminist Theory and Personal Narratives. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
  53. McFadden, Pat. 2005. “Becoming Postcolonial: African Women Changing the Meaning of Citizenship”. In: Meridians: feminism, race, transnationalism. 6 (1), pp. 1–18.
  54. McFadden, Pat. 2002. “Contemporary African Feminism: Conceptual Challenges and Transformational Prospects in Buwa, Open Society Southern Africa.
  55. McLean, N. and Mugo, T. K. 2015. “The Digital Age: A Feminist Future for the Queer African Woman”. IDS Bulletin, 46: 97–100. doi:10.1111/1759–5436.12163.
  56. Medie, P.A. and Kang, A.J. 2018. Power, knowledge and the politics of gender in the Global South, European Journal of Politics and Gender, vol 1, no 1–2, 37–54, DOI: 10.1332/251510818X15272520831157
  57. Mekgwe, Pinkie. 2008. ‘Theorizing African feminism(s): The “colonial question”.’ QUEST: An African Journal of Philosophy/Revue Africaine de Philosophie 20: 11–22
  58. Mougoué. Jacqueline-Bethel . 2019. Gender, Separatist Politics, and Embodied Nationalism in Cameroon. University of Michigan Press.
  59. Muholi, Zanele. 2012. “South African Queer History: A Critical Reflection”. http://www.transnational–queer–
  60. Mupotsa, Danai. 2011. “From Nation to Family: Researching Gender and Sexuality” in Christopher Cramer, Laura Hammond, Johan Pottier (eds) Researching violence in Africa: ethical and methodological challenges. Brill.
  61. Mupotsa, Danai. 2010. “If I could write this in Fire/African Feminist Ethics for Research in Africa” in postamble 6 (1) 1–18
  62. Musangi, Neo Sinoxolo. 2018. Homing with My Mother / How Women in My Family Married Women. Meridians 1 17 (2): 401–414. doi:
  63. Nkenkana, Akhona. 2015 “No African Futures without the liberation of women: A Decolonial Perspective”. Africa Development, Volume XL, №3, 2015, pp. 41–57.
  64. Nyanzi, Stella & Andrew Karamagi. 2015. “The social-political dynamics of the anti-homosexuality legislation in Uganda”, Agenda, 29:1, 24-38, DOI: 10.1080/10130950.2015.1024917
  65. Nyanzi, Stella. 2013. “Dismantling reified African culture through localised homosexualities in Uganda”. Journal of Culture, Health and Sexuality. Vol. 15(8): 952 -967
  66. Okech, Awino (ed). 2020. Gender Protests and Political Change in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan.
  67. Okech, Awino. 2020. African Feminist Epistemic Communities and Decoloniality. Critical African Studies.
  68. Okech, Awino. 2019. Gender and state-building conversations: the discursive production of gender identity in Kenya and Rwanda. Conflict Security and Development.
  69. Okech, Awino and Musindarwezo, Dinah. 2019. “Building Transnational Feminist Alliances: Reflections on the Post-2015 Development Agenda”. Contexto InternacionalVol. 41(2) May/Aug 2019: 255–273
  70. Okech, Awino. 2018. Boundary anxieties and infrastructures of violence: Somali identity in post-Westgate Kenya, Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, DOI: 10.1080/23802014.2018.1502048
  71. Okech, Awino. 2017. “On Feminist Futures and Movement Imperatives” in Development.
  72. Okech, Awino. 2016. “Statecraft and Pursuing Women’s Rights in Africa”. Accra. AWDF.
  73. Okech, Awino. 2015. “Dealing with Asymmetrical Conflict: Lessons from Kenya” in Special Issue of Strategic Review of Southern Africa, 1/2015
  74. Okech, Awino. 2013. “Researching discourses on widow inheritance: feminist questions about ‘talk’ as methodology” in Bennett Jane and Pereira, Charmaine (eds). 2013. Jacketed Women: Qualitative Research Methodologies on Sexualities and Gender in Africa. Cape Town. University of Cape Town Press.
  75. Okech, Awino. 2013, “Gendered security: Between ethno-nationalism and constitution making in Kenya” in Olonisakin, ‘Funmi, Hendricks, Cheryl and Okech, Awino (eds), 2013. Africa Peace and Conflict Journal. UPEACE
  76. Olonisakin, ’Funmi, Cheryl Hendricks, and Awino Okech. 2015. “The Convergence and Divergence of Three Pillars of Influence in Gender and Security.” African Security Review 24: 376–89.
  77. Olonisakin, ‘Funmi, Awino Okech, and Cheryl Hendricks. 2013. “Reconceptualising Gender, Peace and Security in Africa.” Africa Peace and Conflict Journal.
  78. Oyěwùmí, Oyèrónkẹ́. 2005. (ed.): African Gender Studies. A Reader. New York: Palgrave
  79. Oyewumi, Oyèrónkẹ́. 1997. The Invention of Women. Making An African Sense of Western Gender Discourses. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
  80. Pereira, Charmaine. 2014. “Changing Narratives of Sexuality” in Pereira, Charmaine (ed). Changing Narratives of Sexuality: Contestations, Compliance and Women’s Empowerment. London. Zed Books.
  81. Ramtohul, Ramola. 2020. Women, Gender, and Politics in Africa, The Palgrave Handbook of African Women’s Studies, 10.1007/978–3–319–77030–7, (1–17).
  82. Ramtohul, Ramola. 2014. “Globalisation and Gendered Citizenship: The Mauritian Scenario” in Laroussi, Amri & Ramtohul, R. Gender and Citizenship in the Global Age. Dakar. CODESRIA.
  83. Ramtohul, Ramola. 2012. “Academic Freedom in a State-Sponsored African University: The Case of the University of Mauritius”. Journal of Academic Freedom. Vol. 3. 1–21
  84. Ratele, Kopano. 2014. “Hegemonic African Masculinities and Men’s Heterosexual Lives: Some Uses for Homophobia” African Studies Review / Volume 57 / Issue 02 / September 2014, pp 115–130.
  85. Salo, Elaine. 2004. Respectable Mothers, Tough Men and Good Daughters. Making Persons in Manenberg Township, South Africa. Doctoral dissertation submitted to the Anthropology Department, Emory University.
  86. Salo, Elaine. 2005. Mans is Ma Soe. Ganging Practices in Manenberg South Africa and the Ideologies of Masculinity, Gender and Generational relations. A paper prepared for the Criminal Justice Conference. 7- 8 February.
  87. Tadros, Mariz. 2016. Resistance, Revolt, and Gender Justice in Egypt. New York. Syracuse University Press
  88. Tamale, Sylvia. 2008. ‘The right to culture and the culture of rights: A critical perspective on women’s sexual rights in Africa.’ Feminist Legal Studies, 16: 47–69.
  89. Tamale, Sylvia (ed). 2011. African Sexualities: A Reader. Oxford. Pambazuka Press
  90. Tamale, Sylvia. 2020. Decolonialisation and Afro Feminism. Daraja Press.
  91. The Other Foundation. 2016. “Canaries in the Coal Mines: An Analysis of Spaces for LGBTI Activism in Southern Africa”.
  92. Tripp, Aili Mari, and Hughes, Melanie. 2018. “Methods, Methodologies and Epistemologies in the Study of Gender and Politics.” European Journal of Politics and Gender, 1 (1–2): 241–257
  93. Tripp AM. 2016. ‘Women’s movements and constitution making after civil unrest and conflict in Africa: The cases of Kenya and Somalia’, in Politics & Gender, 12, 78–106.
  94. Tripp AM, Casimiro I, Kwesiga J and Mungwa A. 2009. African Women’s Movements — Changing Political Landscapes, New York: Cambridge University Press.
  95. Win, Everjoice. 2013. “Between Jesus, the Generals and the Invisibles: Mapping the Terrain for Feminist Movement Building & Organising for Women’s Human Rights”. A report commissioned by Just Associates Southern Africa.
  96. Win, Everjoice. 2004. ‘Not very poor, powerless or pregnant: the African woman forgotten by development’. IDS Bulletin, 35(4): 61–65.
  97. Even the Finest Warriors.
  98. Also see this list that was initially co-curated on Twitter in 2016 by Danai Mupotsa and I. It ended up drawing contributions from many people. This is a much broader set of interdisciplinary recommendations and is not focussed on African feminist scholarship but on scholarship by African women



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Awino Okech

Awino Okech

I am an African feminist scholar. My knowledge production, teaching and change mission is rooted in African feminist movements freedom work.